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Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is rheumatoid arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes painful inflammation of the joints, frequently joints in the hands and feet. An autoimmune disease occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's healthy tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of the joints and can cause joint deformity. It can also spread to affect other organs of the body.

arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is more likely to affect women than men and symptoms commonly first appear in people aged 40 to 60.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, meaning that it can last for a long period of time, and there is no cure. Rheumatoid arthritis can be managed through drugs and other therapies.

Rheumatoid arthritis is diagnosed through a number of tests including the sed rate (erythrocyte sedimentation rate); the rheumatoid factor test; the anti-CCP antibody test, joint ultrasound; MRIs, and x-rays; and synovial fluid analysis.

The sed rate measures how fast red blood cells settle in a test tube. Inflammation causes red blood cells to settle faster.

The rheumatoid factor test reveals how much rheumatoid factor there is in the body. This test is not an absolute indication of an autoimmune disease because some healthy people have high levels of rheumatoid factor while some people with rheumatoid arthritis have low levels. This test is used in conjunction with other tests to make a diagnosis.

Synovial fluid analysis entails removing some of the fluid in the joint. The fluid is analyzed for color and clarity, and for the presence of blood cells and bacteria.


Rheumatoid Arthritis Information & Resources

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What Is a Rheumatology Doctor?

Your First Visit to the Rheumatologist

What Are the Symptoms of Arthritis?

Treatment & Care of Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Guides

Discussing Your Symptoms

Exercising With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Understanding Rheumatoid Arthritis Complications

Living With and Managing Your RA

Pain Management With RA

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